A Guide to Adaptations


Victoria Waters, Tracey West, Chih-Ing Lim, & Megan Vinh

Publication Date:

revised 9/29/2023

The inclusion framework is informed by evidence-based inclusive practices (e.g., Campbell & Milbourne, 2007; DEC, 2014) and focuses on the supports adults can implement to facilitate STEM learning for children with disabilities.

Within the hierarchy, adaptations to the environment and materials are aligned to the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) Recommended Practices on environment while instructional adaptations are aligned to the Recommended Practices on instruction. .

1. Environment (e.g., room set-up, equipment, how an activity is done, length of time)

2. Materials (e.g., adaptations to toys, materials, assistive technology devices)

3. Instruction (e.g., add information, reduce steps)


  • Faculty & PD providers
  • Families
  • Practitioners

Developmental stage: 

  • Birth-5


  • Center/Preschool
  • Home

Resource Type: 

  • Guides


  • Accommodations (adaptations, supports)

Level of Intended Impact: 

  • Knowledge acquisition
  • Knowledge application


  • English
  • Spanish

Developer / Author: 


Routines and Everyday Activities: 

  • Bedtime & Nap
  • Group activities (circle time, tabletop activity)
  • Mealtime
  • Personal care (diapering/toileting, toothbrushing, bathing)
  • Playtime (indoors & outdoors)
  • Storytime
  • Transitions